This is such an exciting time in the history of man! I want to share the history of photography with them, and get them thinking about the POWER they carry around with them – the camera in their phone. Never in the history of mankind have so many had such a powerful tool in their pocket. The 21st c. has seen the explosion of communicating information through visuals. The fact that a high percentage of the population of the world has the capability to transmit images globally in the blink of an eye has completely shifted the way we understand our world. It has been a huge democratization factor, and has changed not only art, but also politics and society.
This week’s Artist of the Day videos centered around the theme of Photography. I wanted to help them find out how to take better pictures, and to think more broadly about the kinds of pictures they might take. Here is the lineup:
My student teacher came up with these questions for the students to reflect on after viewing the videos:
What is one way to improve the composition in your photographs?
A photographer in Dubai takes photos while skydiving, how can you change the way you take pictures based on your interaction with your settings?
What might be some challenges and considerations of taking successful photos underwater?
Micro photography is taking photos of the smaller details in life (like the ant carrying the pink leaf). What objects or organisms would you be inclined to take photos of at the micro level?
If you were a photojournalist, what story would you want to capture through photos?
Showing our students these viewpoints of professionals broadens their perception of the world. I asked each class how many students were interested in photography, and a healthy number of hands were raised in each class. Photography and video content are trumping text in information dissemination. Helping our students to strengthen their visual literacy is an important skill art teachers can pass on. Enjoy this lineup of videos, consider showing them to your students and use these questions, or come up with your own questions or activities to connect our students to the power of the image.
Thanks, Sir Ken Robinson, for continuing to be a huge inspiration in my 9th & 10th grade art classes. For the last 3 years, I have started the class with the RSA Animate video,Changing Education Paradigms (which to date has been viewed over 11 million times!), to familiarize my students with the idea of strengthening their divergent thinking skills. His challenge to think how many ways you can use a paper clip is just perfect for my students, and I conduct a class competition to see which class can come up with the most ideas. I stand at the board and furiously write down their ideas (we have 50 minute classes). We don’t edit; it is a free flowing activity and stream of consciousness. My 6th period class was the winner today (the Pre-AP Art II students) with 313 ideas on the board before the bell rang!
I just love doing this with the kids at the beginning of school! Most of the classes today really got into it, and their ideas were wonderful. There were even unique ideas between classes – not every idea was unilaterally thought of. I think today, my 14-16 year olds felt like they were geniuses, as they let their imagination fly! Now to keep the creativity & divergent thinking exercises flowing throughout the year! To really strengthen their divergent thinking muscle, we have to practice, so between each art project we will do different activities to strengthen their brain. I really do love my job!
The Question Formulation Technique is my favorite new strategy to help my art students develop their own essential questions that guide their art making.
Click the “QFT Presentation” blue link below to download the presentation from the conference. The PowerPoint contains video content and will take some time to download, so be patient! Go grap a cup or better yet, work on some art while downloading. Feel free to share and please contact me with comments or questions. I would love to hear how other art teachers use QFT in their classroom!
Our campus piloted this innovative course during our 2012-2013 school year. It has been an exciting adventure with my students. We are finding new ways to take art education into the 21st century. I have created a PowerPoint presentation that shows some of the work my students have created in this course. I also surveyed them to see if the goals for this course were really aligning with their learning. Find out what their responses are to the survey questions and hear them speak about how they have engaged with some of the fundamental aspects of this course:
the choice between traditional materials and processes and digital tools
making art that is meaningful and relevant to the students
building skills in making art with technology
Click the link below to download my PPT presentation (the PPT has video content in it and is a large file – it will take a little bit for it to download)
Artist of the Day videos are a warm up activity I’ve been using in my art classrooms for the last 4 years. I find interesting videos and show them to my kids; I keep them under 5 minutes and try to anticipate what I think will be interesting to them. There are times they think the video I have chosen is boring! I also started tying them to their curriculum or to aesthetic activities I wanted to engage them in. The videos work as a wonderful vehicle to find out what our kids are really interested in.
Some ways I use Artist of the Day videos:
Explore new trends and paths in art
Help teach art technique
Use for interactive aesthetic activities
Enrich their classroom learning with targeted information they are interested in
Have fun! I love watching the Artist of the Day each period – the students are engaged, interested and excited about the discoveries we make through this feature of my classroom
Last fall in my graduate studies class at Texas Womans University, I chose an individual project of creating 10 aesthetic activities that I would conduct with my students in my classroom. I did one each week, and at the end of the week I wrote up my findings in a post and uploaded it to my older blog. You can find all 10 activities in the posts if you go here. I include the videos we watched (and how long they are), the questions I asked my students at the end of the activity, and a sampling of their written responses to my questions. It was a wonderful, fun and enlightening project!
I am presenting this PowerPoint at the Texas Art Education Association state conference in San Antonio to share this fun and exciting way to engage our 21st c. students.
Click here to download the PPTX and get more details about the many ways you can use Artist of the Day videos:Artist of the Day
World Book – a student sculpture from deconstructed encyclopedias and collage
My professor posted a question from our weekly reading in our 21st Century Skillstextbook: Analyze the chart on p. 79 in 21st Century Skills (DuFour & DuFour), and discuss the pros and cons of a traditional approach to education compared to the professional learning community model. Discuss some advantages of both the traditional approach and the professional learning community model approach for fostering 21st century technology skills. Provide some examples for both approaches that represent an effective way of developing 21st century technology skills. (Gregory)
I feel that I am teaching in one of the most important eras of education. This is only my 8th year of teaching, but I know that during these years I started my career in the more traditional approach, but am moving rapidly into the professional learning community model. Just like the image at the beginning of the post, we are still tied to the past but understand the past has limitations for our current time. I have chosen for of the points from the above referenced chart to contrast and compare within my own experience, as well as what’s happening in education in general.
The job of teachers is to teach; the job of students is to learn.
Pros: Teachers in their 30s and up probably were taught using the traditional approach. If it worked for them, it should work for everyone. We learn what is modeled to us, so when it’s time to pass it on, teaching in the way we were taught feels natural and comfortable.
Cons: Times are different and there are new tools, modalities, environments and concepts for everyone to learn. Students can take on some of the mantle of teaching if teachers are willing to let them turn the tables on teaching and learning.
Professionals are free to use their own judgment and discretion regarding how they go about their work.
Pros: There are certainly instances when an individual teacher is inspired to be innovative in their teaching. During my research for this post, I found a competition from PBS Teachers Innovations Awards. Keith Rosko, a visual arts teacher who was inspired to incorporate 21st c. learning skills, was one of the first place winners with his “War Letters” photoshop art project. Check out his winning project here: http://www.pbs.org/teachers/innovators/gallery/2011/entries/833/
Cons: Human folly exists – even in educators. How many of us have had the teacher who has run amok, followed an inexplicable tangent, lost their bearings, or gotten distracted by a clever student ploy? Left to their own devices, some educators who follow their own muse do so at the expense of their charges.
Teachers work best when they work alone.
Pros: I actually was the only art teacher in my first job and it gave me incredible freedom to decide what I wanted to teach to my students. As long as my students were engaged and productive, my principal didn’t care what I taught them.
Cons: Teaching in a scatter shot method like this meant I did not have a clear scope and sequence curriculum that would scaffold their skills and create a building confidence in materials and the processes of art making.
Schools work best when districts provide them with site-based autonomy.
Pros: I actually believe there is a lot of value and truth to this statement. When administration, educators and students understand their demographics, socio-economic statistics and local influences, schools can tailor their educational approaches to best suit their audience.
Cons: Schools’ administration can be out of touch with the realities of their communities, and educators can have blinders to their students’ needs. Administrators and teachers who were raised in middle class families and lifestyles can be clueless to their low socio-economic families’ struggles and issues. Conflict and misunderstanding can arise when the site-based autonomy isn’t sensitive to their families’ needs.
Professional Learning Communities
Teaching without learning isn’t teaching at all; it’s just presenting. The purpose of school is to ensure all students learn.
Pros: This is an important mandate that all educators in this time MUST work towards! Our administrators charge us with this lofty and scary task – to education ALL of our students. Not most. Not some. All. And, if the educator is diligent, clever, earnest and is motivated by heart, it might be possible, though honestly, on any day it is an elusive goal.
Cons: Families are strained, broken and desperately wounded, so it is no surprise that they pack their children off to school with holes in their souls; like a colander, much of what the teacher tries to put into the student just leaks out. It is a tragic realization that no matter how we approach our teaching, some children are so wounded there are massive obstacles to their learning.
Professional have an obligation to seek out best practices for those they serve.
Pros: Teachers don’t always know what the best practices are. Through collaboration they can found out and incorporate them into their instruction. One study of pre-service teachers demonstrates when they are supported in a PLC by colleagues, they developed the skills and commitment to teach each student for understanding. Rigelman and Rubin (2012)
Cons: With the rapid rate of change in our 21st c. world, best practices can be ever changing and evolving. What may have been best practices last year are not necessarily what is best for today. The educational world in the US is notorious for “adopting” the latest, greatest strategies which are regurgitated ideas from decades ago. Sometimes the hunt for best practices is no better than a spin the dial game, with the dial constantly spinning.
Teachers who work in isolation will never help all students learn at high levels. Teachers must take collective responsibility for their students.
Pros: As Chris Dede says in our 21st Century Skills textbook, ‘collaboration is worthy of inclusion as a 21st c. skill because the importance of cooperative interpersonal capabilities is higher and the skills involved are more sophisticated than in the prior industrial era.’ (Balance and Brandt, 2010, p. 53). If these are the skills we need to teach our children, then these are the skills we need to embrace and model to them. When we work collaboratively with our colleagues, we learn how to navigate the waters are better able to guide our students on their own collaborative journey.
Cons: It’s hard. Most people don’t know how to collaborate well. It’s frustrating. I value communication highly and think of myself as a skilled communicator, but many of my colleagues aren’t. It’s interesting and paradoxical that they can think they are good teachers but are not good communicators. Without good communication, collaboration can be prickly and uncomfortable. And there is not a quick fix.
Schools work best when they operate within clearly defined and clearly communicated parameters regarding their purpose and priorities, receive assistance in aligning their practices with the specified purpose and priorities, are held accountable for doing so, and have latitude regarding how to best achieve goals.
Pros: Ideally, these expectations will level the playing field for our educators and their students. Clear directives help make the educator’s job understandable, approachable and doable.
Cons: No Child Left Behind, an act that was enacted in 2001, undoubtably it was to ensure the presumption above would be spread across this nation and like all boats rising at once, our children would also rise equally. Unfortunately, there is a dramatic inequity among our schools, school districts and cities and states that support those educational institutions. These disparities contribute to a wider achievement gap in this country than in virtually any other industrialized country in the world. Meier (2004).
Dede, C. (2010) Comparing frameworks for 21st c. skills. In Bellanca, J. and Brandt. R. (Ed.), 21st century skills: rethinking how students learn. (p. 53). Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.
DuFour, R. and DuFour, R. (2010) The role of professional learning communities in advancing 21st century skills. In Bellanca, J. and Brandt. R. (Ed.), 21st century skills: rethinking how students learn. (p. 79). Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.
Gregory, D. (2012) Personal communication.
Meier D. (2004) Many children left behind; how the no child left behind act is damaging our children and our schools. p. 6.
Rigelman, N. M., & Ruben, B. (2012) Creating foundations for collaboration in schools: Utilizing professional learning communities to support teacher candidate learning and visions of teaching. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 979-989.